Quotes from Sri Guru Granth Sahib
In praise of women.
"We are born
of woman, we are conceived in the womb of woman, we are engaged and
married to woman. We make friendship with woman and the lineage continued
because of woman. When one woman dies, we take another one, we are bound
with the world through woman. Why should we talk ill of her, who gives
birth to kings? The woman is born from woman; there is none without
her. Only the One True Lord is without woman" (Guru Nanak, Var Asa,
Marriage is an equal partnership of love and sharing between husband
"They are not
said to be husband and wife, who merely sit together. Rather they alone
are called husband and wife, who have one soul in two bodies." (Guru
Amar Das, Pauri, pg. 788)
Women have an equal right to participate in the congregation.
"Come my sisters
and dear comrades! Clasp me in thine embrace. Meeting together, let
us tell the tales of our Omnipotent Spouse (God). In the True Lord are
all merits, in us all demerits." (Guru Nanak, Sri Rag, pg. 17)
God is the husband and we are all his brides.
is but One and all others are His brides. The false bride assumes many
religious garbs. When the Lord stops her going into another's home,
then is she summoned into her Lord's mansion without any let and hindrance.
She is adorned with the Name and is dear to her True Lord. She alone
is the true bride and the Lord lends her His support." (Guru Nanak,
Ramkali, pg. 933)
God is our Mother as well as our Father.
"Thou O Lord,
art my Father and Thou my Mother. Thou art the Giver of peace to my
soul and very life." (Guru Arjan, Bhairo, pg. 1144)
Faithfulness to ones spouse is stressed.
abandons the wife of his home, and has an affair with another's woman.
He is like the parrot, who is pleased to see the simbal tree, but at
last dies clinging to it." (Bhagat Nam Dev, Bhairo, pg. 1165)
The rape and brutalities committed against women by the Mughal invader
righteousness both have vanished and falsehood moves about as the leader,
O Lalo. The function of the Qazis and the Brahmins is over and the Satan
now reads the marriage rites (rape). The Muslim women read the Quran
and in suffering call upon God, O Lalo. The Hindu women of high cast
and others of low caste, may also be put in the same account, O Lalo."
(Guru Nanak, Tilang, pg. 722)
The practice of women burning themselves on their husband's funeral
pyre (sati) condemned.
be called satis, who burn themselves with their dead husbands. They
can only be called satis, if they bear the shock of separation. They
may also be known as satis, who live with character and contentment
and always show veneration to their husbands by remembering them." (Guru
Amar Das, Var Suhi, pg. 787)
The ritual of dowry so prevalent in Indian society condemned.
"Any other dowry,
which the perverse place for show, that is false pride and worthless
gilding. O' my Father! give me the Name of Lord God as a gift and dowry."
(Guru Ram Das, Sri Rag, pg. 79)