Sikhism & Judaism & Christianity
Although no direct
references are made to these two religions, there are references to
the holy books of the Semitic religions and their scriptures referred
to in the Guru Granth Sahib as 'Kateb' (Taurat: The Book of Moses, Zabur:
The Book of David, Injil: New Testament and Quran). It is likely that
Guru Nanak met Christian and Jewish missionaries during his extensive
travels to the west. Christian missionaries were also active in the
southern parts of India visited by Guru Nanak. Because the Sikh Gurus
were involved in extensive missionary work to convert people to Sikhism,
they concentrated on the dominant religions of the masses at that time,
which did not include Christianity and Judaism in the east.
Submission to the will of
Khalsa brotherhood and sacrament.
Brotherhood of man.
Fatherhood of God and salvation by grace.
Jewish emphasis on 'The Name'.
Salvation for the 'choosen people'. Sikhism believes anyone can achieve
salvation irrespective of the religion that they follow if they endear
God in their heart and daily actions.
Christian concept of Jesus as son of God. Sikhism regards all as the
children of God.
Infant baptism. In Sikhism child baptism into the Khalsa brotherhood
is discouraged. One should only become a Khalsa when they are able to
fully understand the duties and responsibilities.
Special Day for worship. There is no special day like Sunday or Sabbath
Heaven and Hell as physical entities. In Sikhism there are no such physical
places. Hell is equivalent to the cycles of births and deaths and heaven
is equivalent to the soul merging with God.
Priests. Guru Gobind Singh abolished the priestly class making Sikhism
free from their weaknesses and egos, the only priest is the Living Guru,
the Guru Granth Sahib which contains all the knowledge and which is
available for reading by any Sikh.