Khanda is the symbol of the Sikhs, as the Cross is to Christians or the
Star of David is to Jews. It reflects some of the fundamental concepts
of Sikhism. The symbol derives its name from the double-edged sword (also
called a Khanda) which appears at the center of the logo. This double-edged
sword is a metaphor of Divine Knowledge, its sharp edges cleaving Truth
from Falsehood. The circle around the Khanda is the Chakar. The Chakar
being a circle without a beginning or and end symbolizes the perfection
of God who is eternal. The Chakar is surrounded by two curved swords called
Kirpans. These two swords symbolize the twin concepts of Meeri and Peeri
- Temporal and Spiritual authority introduced by Guru Hargobind. They
emphasize the equal emphasis that a Sikh must place on spiritual aspirations
as well as obligations to society.
Sahib is the name given to the flag which is seen flying outside every
Sikh Gurdwara (Temple). It is a triangular piece of ochre or saffron coloured
cloth with the Khanda emblem in the middle. The flagpost also has a khanda
or spear on top and is usually covered with the same cloth as the flag.
The use of the Nishan Sahib was first introduced by Guru Hargobind.
is Only One God". The first two words in the Guru Granth Sahib & one
of the cornerstones of Sikhism. They appear at the beginning of the Mul
Mantra written by Guru Nanak describing the qualities of God in the Japji.