Sikh Calendar

The years of the Nanakshahi Sikh calendar start with the birth of Guru Nanak in 1472, 2011 is considered Nanakshahi 540. The calendar is based on the length of the tropical solar year, instead of the lunar cycle, meaning that dates will not fluctuate from year to year as they did previously under the old lunar based calendar.

The Sikh New Year begins with Chet 1 which in the Common Era calendar is March 14.

Some terms used in the Sikh calendar include Parkash which means birth, Gurgadi which means ascension to Guruship and Jotijot which means death.

Sikh Month Common Era Date for
Beginning of Month
Chet March 14
Vaisakh April 14
Jeth May 15
Harh June 15
Sawan July 16
Bhadon August 16
Asu September 15
Katik October 15
Maghar November 14
Poh December 14
Magh January 13
Phagan February 12

 

Common Era Nanakshahi Celebration
Jan 05 23 Poh  Parkash Guru Gobind Singh
Jan 31 19 Magh  Parkash Guru Har Rai 
Mar 14 1 Chet  Gurgadi Guru Har Rai
Mar 14 1 Chet  New Years Day
Mar 14 1 Chet  Hola Mohalla (2008) 
Mar 19 6 Chet  Jotijot Guru Hargobind 
Apr 14 1 Vaisakh  Parkash Guru Nanak (2008) 
Apr 14 1 Vaisakh  Vaisakhi - Creation of the Khalsa
Apr 16 3 Vaisakh  Jotijot Guru Angad
Apr 16 3 Vaisakh  Gurgadi Guru Amar Das
Apr 16 3 Vaisakh  Jotijot Guru Harkrishan
Apr 16 3 Vaisakh  Gurgadi Guru Tegh Bahadur 
Apr 18 5 Vaisakh  Parkash Guru Angad
Apr 18 5 Vaisakh  Parkash Guru Tegh Bahadur 
May 02 19 Vaisakh  Parkash Guru Arjan
May 23 9 Jeth  Parkash Guru Amar Das
Jun 11 28 Jeth  Gurgadi Guru Hargobind 
Jun 16 2 Harh  Jotijot Guru Arjan
Jul 05 21 Harh  Parkash Guru Hargobind 
Jul 23 8 Sawan  Parkash Guru Harkrishan 
Sep 01 17 Bhadon  First Installation of Adi Granth
Sep 16 2 Asu  Jotijot Guru Amar Das 
Sep 16 2 Asu  Gurgadi Guru Ramdas 
Sep 16 2 Asu  Jotijot Guru Ramdas
Sep 16 2 Asu  Gurgadi Guru Arjan
Sep 18 4 Asu  Gurgadi Guru Angad
Sep 22 8 Asu  Jotijot Guru Nanak
Oct 09 25 Asu  Parkash Guru Ramdas
Oct 20 6 Katik  Jotijot Guru Har Rai
Oct 20 6 Katik  Gurgadi Guru Harkrishan
Oct 20 6 Katik  Gurgadi Guru Granth Sahib 
Oct 21 7 Katik  Jotijot Guru Gobind Singh 
Oct 28 14 Katik Bandi Chhor Divas (2008)
Nov 24 11 Maghar  Gurgadi Guru Gobind Singh 
Nov 24 11 Maghar  Jotijot Guru Tegh Bahadur 
Dec 21 8 Poh  Martyrdom Guru Gobind Singhs Eldest two sons 
Dec 26 13 Poh  Martyrdom Guru Gobind Singhs Youngest two sons 
Definition of Terms
Parkash - birth
Gurgadi - ascension to Guruship
Jotijot - death

 

Movable Dates

Three events are still celebrated according to the lunar calendar, meaning that their dates change every year.

Guru Nanaks birthday has been traditionally celebrated on Katik Poornamashi. Althought the correct birth date according to the majority of Janamsakhis has been established as Vaisakh 1 (April 14), it continues to be celebrated on Katik Poornamashi until such time as it is changed to Vaisakh 1. Katik Pooranmashi in 2011 is on November 10.


Year Parkash Guru Nanak Hola Mohalla  Bandi Chhor Divas 
2011 Nov 10 Mar 20 Oct 26
2012 Nov 28 Mar 09 Nov 13
2013 Nov 17 Mar 28 Nov 03
2014 Nov 06 Mar 17 Oct 23
2015 Nov 25 Mar 06 Nov 11
2016 Nov 14 Mar 24 Oct 30
2017 Nov 04 Mar 13 Oct 19
2018 Nov 23 Mar 02 Nov 07
2019 Nov 12 Mar 21 Oct 27
2020 Nov 30 Mar 10 Nov 14